the Ottoman Empire was one of the world’s longest lasting and most dominant empires throughout history known also as the Turkish Empire the Ottoman power was a state that controlled territory spanning across Europe Asia and Africa for over 600 years in their first 100 years due to their impressive abilities to take advantage of their weaker neighbors and due to the massive mistakes made by kingdoms of the Balkans and other.
Christian powers including the Byzantine Empire the Ottoman Empire will rise from a small Balak to regional power and they will use this position as a stepping stone. the conquering force began around the Year 1299 when Osman the first Muslim leader from the town of so get Anatolia styled himself as a supreme leader or Sultan following a string of raids led by Osman and his Ghazi troops against their Byzantine.
opposition the name of the Ottoman Empire is derived from the name of its first leader and founder Austin whose name was actually Othman in Arabic left behind a scarce amount of information about his life but gave the world an empire in his name consequently due to the lack of reliable contemporary sources about the Muslim leader current historians struggled to determine what tales have been fabricated over the years and which ones are in fact true.
according to Ottoman lore Osman, the first was the son of article and grandson of Solomon Shah both of whom were from the ke tribe of August Turks although the latter connection has been debated by Ottoman genealogists nonetheless Osman the first was the man responsible for creating the first foundations of the 600 years running Empire taking advantage of the disintegration Seljuq dynasty in Iran and Mesopotamia which was vanquished in 1293.
Osman began expanding his territory through Anatolia as the chief rival to the Byzantine Christians by the start of the 14th century the newly founded Ottoman Empire began to spread by directionally approaching the Sea of Marmara and along the Sakarya River unfortunately for the eager conquerors their siege equipment was insufficient making it momentarily impossible for them to capture some of the bigger Byzantine cities and territories such as Constantinople.
History of the Ottoman Empire (1299-1400)
it wasn’t until 1326 that the Ottoman Empire was able to capture the city of Bursa which would later be styled their new capital in 1335 around the time of this victory the first Sultan Osman the first passed away leaving his son or ham as the second Sultan of the Ottoman Empire under Orhan’s rain the Turks were now able to start strengthening their power and authority after seizing Bursa where the tome of Osman.
the first still remains as part of his military bolstering or hand went to his brother Aladdin for advice a Layden suggested that Orhan create an army of men who were paid and trained infantryman this is opposed to the method of the predecessor’s armies which were made up of contingents and volunteers who only came together for the campaign or battle at hand or hand enacted this new strategy but quickly became dissatisfied and decided to look to a relative through marriage Khan Dari Cara Halil for new guidance Khan Darley came up with the idea for what later.
would be known as the Janissaries the body of troops was to be made up of children from Christian families in territories that had been conquered by the Ottomans which would be converted to Islam and trained as leaf infantrymen and slaves to the Sultan making up the first modern standing army in Europe the Janissaries were known for their extreme loyalty to the Sultan ensured by strict policies and rules applied to them throughout their service such as the outlaw of marriage while the Janissary troops weren’t considered to have truly been established.
until the rule of Murad the first the introductory steps were made during Orhan’s time of consolidation also on the mind of the second Sultan was expansion this became a heavier focus in 1331 with the capture of Iznik followed a few years later by the seizure of Ismet in 1337 and then the taking of us Kadar in 1338 only seven years after the latest of those successes or hen was then able to occupy the principality of coracle around which time he also became an ally to John the sixth canto coziness the later.
byzantine emperor through this new union or hand was additionally able to gain permission to raid the region of Thrace a goal of the Ottomans of course being to capture this area and marry the daughter of kantakouzenos Theodora furthermore under the command of Suleyman Pasha one of Orhan’s sons the Ottomans spread their control to Gallipoli in 1354 despite canticles Ennis’s attempts to peacefully remove them in response to byzantine fears the raids throughout Gallipoli had also brought in remarkable rewards and treasures to the Ottoman Empire
which attracted the attention of thousands of Turks around Anatolia who wished to join the Ottoman Empire’s forces or hand refused to give up this new territory that he claimed was gifted to him by Allah causing considerable backlash for the now emperor Kentico Zenoss which unintentionally helped lead to his downfall and turmoil within Byzantium things within the Ottoman world also began to shift in 1362 following the death of sultan or han who was roughly 80 years.
old at the time his son Solomon had died a few years prior in a hunting accident and it is believed that the toll of this loss may have led to Orhan’s sudden demise regardless Murad the first son of or Han was next in line to become the Empire’s third Sultan which he did with a dramatic entrance wasting no time after taking the reins Marad continued the work of conquering Thrace by seizing Adrianople and making it the new capital of the Ottoman Empire.
even with the confidence shown by this swift action taken at the command of the new ruler, the Ottomans continued to avoid an attempt at capturing Constantinople due to their sustained lack of proper siege equipment and the sturdiness of the city’s thick outer walls opting to stay with a better path for success Murad kept his focus on easier expansion with more promising results over the next decade the Ottoman Empire captured more and more territories.
throughout the Balkans even gaining some of their new control with little resistance after the Battle of Maratha in which they defeated their Christian rivals near tournament on the Mara River even going as far as capturing Macedonia Murad the first was now readily broadening and strengthening the Ottoman Empire power across the Balkan region by 1382 the eager Sultan began to put pressure on Bulgaria first convincing Emperor Ivan Shishkin to surrender his country as a vassal becoming part of a new policy enacted by Murad in Europe.
where the native rulers of existing principalities would remain in their place if they accepted the seventy of the Sultan accompanied by the provision of contingents for the Ottoman army seemingly not giving importance to this agreement Marad and his troops then continued pushing on to seize Sofia parrot and miss these decisive actions led to the next major victory for the empire allowing them to conquer Serbia after the famed Battle of Kosovo in 1389.
while both armies have severely deteriorated and the leaders on either side were killed during the conflict the Ottoman still had more troops elsewhere who could be called upon and were granted overall victory as the domino effect of acquiring Serbian principality ensued the death of Sultan Murad the first now under the reins of Bey is at the first one of his sons the Ottomans were forced to return to Anatolia.
and deal with the repercussions of their calamitous victory efforts on top of restoration duties Bey’s ed was also suddenly faced with an increasing threat from the Principality of karma Moran had previously taken some minor steps to avoid the new power which was built atop the remains of the Fallen Seljuq dynasty from attempting to take his newly seized territories but that was about all the attention.
he’d given it phase ed was unable to ignore the rising concern by this point with Karimun moving to the forefront of Ottoman focus after the capture of territory and ger Mian Tek and Hamid in an attempt to keep his Turkish followers from siding with the potential rivals beza chose to make peace with Karimun before moving on to capture Bulgaria and finally venture the daunting task of laying siege to Constantinople.
in response to the latter act, the Christians undertook a crusade with the goal of defeating the invading the Ottoman Empire forces this resulted in the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396 which was won by Bey as it and his troops massacring the Crusader army that was made up of Hungarians Germans French and other Christian allies presumably feeling confident after the success at Nicholas Bayes it and his men returned to annex carmen in 1397 despite the previously agreed on the peace treaty.
the Sultan’s reach now spanned across the Balkans and into Asia making him one of the most powerful Muslim leaders at the time his goal seemed to be that of his predecessors and future successors expand while there is relatively very little information dating back to the first 100 years of Ottoman power we do know that the period of time from 1300 through 1400 served as a springboard for the Empire’s growth and prosperity that was to come the Ottoman Empire.
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